Support Children and Young People s Health and Safety essay

You should also make sure that the environment both inside ND outside caters for all different abilities, making sure there are not Steps up to any entrances or doors in and around the setting that clear walk ways can be seen through the setting to avoid any accidents and to meet the needs of any children with any disability. Children of different abilities may require one to one time with a member of staff to ensure they are always safe, for example in my setting a child has visual impairment which means he has a trained member of staff to support him whilst he is in the setting.

Another factor you need to consider is specific risks to individuals such as pregnancy r impairments. My setting has a child with mild autism, a child with visual impairments and is registered as blind and another child who has a disability which leaves him unable to complete tasks on his own, such as walking or standing up. We have a member of staff who comes in specifically to support each child individually; their ability is very low and may be a risk to not only themselves but other children.

If put in a situation where this member of staff is absent and we still need to meet the needs of this child then all other staff at my setting have been given basic training on supporting these children, so e are aware of the best way to do this. This ensures the safety of the child in question and the other children in the setting. When planning indoor and outdoor environments you also need to take into account the needs of careers when relevant.

Some of the children may have careers who are less bodily able and are in a wheelchair, or who may have another sort of mental/physical disability¬∂y’. This means you will need to plan the environment to be flexible for them, for example the use of ramps and accessible toilets. A career may also for personal reasons not be able to pick the child up at the allocated time that he setting has set, therefore flexibility is needed to come to a solution. 3) There are many sources of guidance for planning healthy and safe environments and services.

This includes: HOSE Department for education A workplaces own policies and procedures Health and Safety at Work Act EYES Offset The Care Standards Act 4) Outcome 2 – Health and Safety Executives 4) Health and safety risk assessments need to be monitored and reviewed regularly once the risk is controlled to an acceptable level to insure they are always providing the most amount of protection, as that is the reason they re in place. By monitoring and reviewing risk assessments you’ll be able to see if there are any further actions you could or should be taking to improve upon the current control measures in place.

It is the managements duty to monitor and review the risk assessments in place. Monitoring the situation is a continuous assessment of what has been implemented whereas reviewing the situation is an annual assessment of the effectiveness of your actions (or if any circumstances have changed). TO monitor risk assessments you should record down your findings (by law you must record down findings f there is more than 5 members of staff) by for example using a checklist when carrying out daily checks, in order to insure that the control measures are in place.

If the control measures in place are having the desired effect, (minimal accidents or injuries) then you should keep monitoring the situation until your set review date. On this set review date, if the control measures that are currently in place are still adequate then you should continue to use these but any new control measures that will improve upon the current ones is always beneficial.

However, if by monitoring the situation you are made ware of the control measures not having the desired effect, (still an unsatisfactory amount of injuries and accidents occurring) then you should review the situation immediately. By reviewing the situation you will look at the current control measures and implement new and improved control measures which will hopefully reduce the risk, lower the accident and injury rate and therefore improve upon the situation. A review must also take place if any circumstances change.

This can include new equipment, changes to policies or legislation, investigation into an accident or the result of an inspection. Outcome 3 1 ) Risk management in children and you nag peoples health and safety is the process of identifying the hazard which has the potential to cause harm to the child in question, evaluating the risk/likelihood that harm will occur as a result, estimating the severity of the consequences and then putting control measures into place to reduce the risk of potential harm.

It is important to have a balanced approach to risk management because it is vital for children to build upon their experiences, try new things and be able to push themselves to new limits but with their health and safety still being the rarity. If you are implementing one extreme of risk management this can cause problems to arise. If a care facility were to take risk management to the extreme of all activities being safe with no risk involved, the child will not develop their own physical abilities but also their own knowledge about taking risks and won’t become familiar with taking responsibility for their safety.

They need to become aware that some of their actions may result in them being hurt and through a child having an accident or hurting themselves they are not only gaining direct experience of consequences of heir chosen actions and choices but they re also starting to understand what they are capable of doing and not doing. It’s also important for them to be pushed to new limits when at a care setting because the child’s parents may for different reasons not do this while they are at home.

They may worry that their child will get hurt easily; that an activity has too much risk for them to be exposed to or simply not have the time to spend with the child doing certain activities, therefore stopping them from doing so and stopping the child from developing new skills and having new experiences. Although exposing hillier to some risk whilst at a care setting is important, the other extreme of too much risk can be the basis of many more serious injuries.

A child still needs to be safe and a care setting should be specifically designed for the child to be exposed to risk whilst at the same time keeping them safe from serious and unintentional harm. If a child was repeatedly having accidents or injuries whilst at a care setting, a parent would not feel comfortable about leaving their child there and would feel that the setting itself isn’t suitable for the needs of a young child. When carrying out risk assessment you also deed to take into account the ages of the children who it applies to and their needs and abilities.

The younger the child/children are then they are more at risk of having an accident due to their limited knowledge of possible hazards. This doesn’t mean you should always over risk assess because of their age but you should be more cautious about the risks that there are. Children will be at different levels of ability so you should As a conclusion, it’s important to get the balance right of exposing them to risk whilst keeping them safe as you should always support the development of the child whilst making sure hat no serious harm is going to happen to them. ) Working with children or young people means you are responsible to an extent for their health and safety. Children and young people have the right to and should be encouraged to make their own decisions and choices. Although you should support their choices, as a practitioner you have a duty of care for them as well and sometimes a child or young person may not have yet developed judgment skills and therefore may not be making the best choices. For example, a child may have made a choice in the playground to try and ride a bike with no previous practice.

Although you should support them in wanting to develop their physical skills, it’s likely that they re going to fall off as they’ve had no practice before and this could result in injury. To resolve this you could suggest that they start off riding on a bike with stabilizers so they can develop their balancing skills until they’re ready to progress to a bike with no stabilizers and adult supervision. This highlights an occasion where the child has been given the right to make their own choice however health and safety requirements and your duty of care means you’ve taken action to avoid any possible harm coming to the child.

Is it right to use violence to prove a point essay

Answering a Philosophical Question. Is it right to use violence to prove a point? = People can have two different views on this question, and its one that can cause much debate. In my opinion, I believe it is completely wrong to use violence to prove something, since I think it makes every matter worse. Violence is always wrong, even in self-defense. Usually if someone is threatening you it’s because that person feels threatened themselves; if you make it clear you’re no threat to that person they’ll probably stand down.

And in the few cases where they don’t it’s much better to die knowing that you eve refrained from violence than to live knowing that you have hurt or killed another person. Another reason why I think violence isn’t right to prove a point is that it actually can kill more people than it can save. America and Germany fought for power even though some suggest it was to solve conflict. Yet after the war, Russia tried going after America, and since then, there as been unrest between the two.

Now they have created weapons of mass destruction in order to scare each other off and try gain peace. But what happens when the time comes to use those weapons to “solve the conflict”? Will there be anyone left to save? Violence is the WORST way to solve conflict, and if you try to prove a point it only makes things worse. Overall, I believe violence is never good. It will never be good. Violence only causes a vicious cycle. Two wrongs do not make a right.

No matter what happens, do not use violence, violence will only make matters worse, not better. There are many better ways of sorting out things, rather than violence. However, some people may think differently to this. For example, while war is often blamed and frowned upon for causing many deaths, A number of those deaths are upon people deserving of it; such as Hitler, din-Laden, cruel soldiers, immoral fighters, narrow-minded killers. People see violence is the act.

Only the reasons behind violence are justifiable; Religious faith, committing to the end, but there are other moral reasons: Protecting and defending. Good or not – violence is a solution to some people. Furthermore, violence is often regrettable, but not necessarily evil. It is not the act of violence itself that is evil but rather the intent behind that act. However, violence must only be used in minor cases otherwise people take advantage of it and use it to harm innocent people.

Developing Strategic Management And Leadership Skills essay

Are the activities appropriate? Is there a scenario or vocational context? Is the language and presentation appropriate? Is the timescale for the assignment appropriate? Overall is the assignment fit for purpose? * If “No” is recorded and the Internal Verifier recommends remedial action before the brief is issued, the Assessor and the Internal Verifier should confirm that the action has been undertaken Internal Verifier Signature Date Action required: Action taken: Internal Verifier Please complete all areas of this form, sign, and attach to each submitted assignment.

Submit each assignment according to the instructions provided in your Course Outline. A. STUDENT’S TO COMPLETE Course Name : Deduced BITE Level 7 Diploma in Strategic Management and Leadership Assignment No. /Name: F/602/2058 -02 Unit Title: Unit 1 Developing Strategic Management and Leadership Skills Student Number: Deduced Registration No: Student Full Name: Tutor’ Name: Dry. Dialing Hearth Date Due: 31. 05. 015 Date Submitted: Declaration declare that this assessment item is my own work, except where acknowledged, and has not been submitted for academic credit elsewhere, ND acknowledge that the assessor of this item may, for the purpose of assessing this item: Reproduce this assessment item and provide a copy to another member of the college and/or; Communicate a copy of this assessment item to a plagiarism checking service (which may then retain a copy of the assessment item on its database for the purpose of future plagiarism checking).

I certify that have read and understood the Institute Rules in respect of Student Academic Misconduct. Student Signature B. MARKER TO COMPLETE Comment Grade Markers Signature Ifs Feedback Ifs Signature Check carefully the hand in date and the instructions given with the assignment. Late submissions will not be accepted. Ensure that you give yourself enough time to complete the assignment by the due date. Don’t leave things such as printing to the last minute – excuses of this nature will not be accepted for failure to hand in the work on time?

You must take responsibility for managing your own time effectively. If you are unable to hand in your assignment on time and have valid reasons such as illness, you may apply (in writing) for an extension. (See your Student Handbook for details. Failure to achieve at least a PASS grade will result in a REFERRAL grade being given. Nan-submission of work without valid reasons will lead to an automatic REFERRAL. You will then be asked to complete an alternative assignment on next semester.

Take great care that if you use other people’s work or ideas in your assignment, you properly reference them, using the HARVARD referencing system, in you text and in list of references, otherwise you may be guilty of plagiarism. If you are caught plagiarism you could have your grade reduced to A REFERRAL or at worst you could be excluded from the course. Purpose of this assignment This assignment has been designed in order to provide the learner with an understanding of the links between strategic management, leadership and organizational direction and the relevant leadership skills to apply the gained knowledge to a real world context.

The tasks depicted on this assignments would require extensive knowledge of the current strategies and leadership styles in an organization. It is recommendable that the learner address respective task in relation to the organization he learner is currently work in or an organization that the person has knowledge of. Scenario Assume that you are being hired by an organization of your own choice (preferably the organization you are currently working at or an organization you know well) as the head of Human Resources department.

The senior management of the organization is expecting a turbulent time for organizations in Sir Lankan in the near future because of the dynamic nature of internal and external environment. Senior management feels that unless organization manage the situation, organization would be in a disadvantageous position. It is of a paramount importance for the senior management of the organization to face the situation with proper planning for current and future leadership requirements.

The director board ask you to prepare a report that that would produce a leadership strategy which can be implemented realistically and a leadership development plan for grooming future leaders for the organization and present it to the senior management of the organization. In order to obtain a clear picture of the situation, the senior management have encouraged you to review and assess the organization’s management and leadership needs supported by relevant heretical frameworks and contemporary researches conducted on the subject of strategic leadership.

Tasks to be addressed Section A Strategic Management and Leadership Report Task 1 (LOL and IAC. I, 1. 2, 1. 3) You are required compile a report considering the relationship between management and leadership in the selected organization along the following structure: 1 . Depict the relationship between strategic management and leadership explaining the link between the two concepts. 2. Analyses how leadership styles can have an impact on organization’s strategic decision making process. 3.

Evaluate how above explained leadership styles can be different situations faced by the organizations Note: You must reference your findings to relevant management and leadership theories Section B Leadership strategy and development plan In this section, you are required to assess current leadership requirements of the selected organization and plan and develop a leadership strategy for the same. Assume that you are requested by the top management of the organization prepare detailed document and present it verbally to the top management. The supporting documentation and the verbal presentation would address the following tasks.

Task 2 (ALL and AC 2. 1, 2. 2) Reviewing the impact of selected theories of management and leadership would have on the selected organization’s strategy, create a leadership strategy that would help in taking the organization towards desired direction. Task 3 (ALL and AC 3. 1, 3. 2) Taking in to consideration the organization you selected, use appropriate methods to review the current leadership and management requirements within the organization and plan for acquiring the skills that organization may require for future situations or challenges that would materialism.

Custober Service Observation Report essay

When Jane confirmed with her customer that the appointment was for a cut and color she noticed re customers expression. Jane asked her customer if she still wanted a cut and color reassuring her customer that it was all right if she had changed her mind. Her customer said that she still wanted her hair cut but had had a change of mind about the color. Jane showed her customer to the wash area where she placed a gown over her customer to protect clothing, she also placed a towel around her neck to protect against water seepage.

After washing her customer’s hair she showed her to the cutting area where she consulted with her customer on the style of cut, giving suggestions based on the customers hair type and face shape. Whilst cutting her customers hair Jane made polite conversation whilst observing her customer’s facial expressions and body language in the styling station mirror. Throughout the cut, Jane checked with her customer that she was happy and made alterations based on her customer’s comments.

Jane worked in a way that afforded the customer as much personal space as possible, also aided by seating her customer several stations down from other customers in the salon. This also allowed for less distraction from Cane’s colleagues and their customers. When Jane asked her customer to put her card in the card reader and put in re number, Jane turned away to protect the customer’s security. The card reader refused the card, Jane checked with the customer if she had put in the correct number, and suggested trying again, the card was again rejected with the customer becoming flustered saying she knew her pin number was correct.

Jane asked if her customer had another card to try. Unit 2-1. 1 Unit 16-2. 1 Jinni 1 -1. 3, 2. 2 Unit 26 – 2. 5 Unit 16 – 2. 6 unit 2 -1. 4 Unit 16- 2. 4 unit 2-1. 5 Unit 41 -2. 1 Workplace Observation The customer did not and suggested there must be something wrong with the machine, Jane assured her customer the machine had been working ropey but her customer did not seem happy, Jane reassured her customer that she would sort the problem out and said she would check with a colleague. She discussed the problem with her manager providing information and asked for some help.

Cane’s manager came over to look at the card reader, another customer wanted to pay her bill with her card. Jane suggested she deal with the other customer which was agreed, Jane asked if everyone would step aside to afford the customer some privacy. The transaction was successful, so Jane suggested her customer check her card with her bank. The customer asked how she was going to pay. Through discussion with the Manager it was decided to take down the customer’s information and agree the customer could come back at another time to pay her bill.

The customer seemed k with the arrangement and apologized for the inconvenience. As this was Cane’s final observation, I asked her some questions in relationship to unit 49 – 3. 3,3. 4,3. 5. Jane said that she receives feedback from her manager on her work, and that they have regular staff meetings where customer comments or complaints are discussed and plans put in place to solve any problems. Jane said that the common problems are concerning the outcome of colors and as a result new customers always have a color test which they are shown before any color treatments are performed.

Life skills essay

It is for these reasons that life skills education is an important aspect of Primary school curriculum. This write up aims at discussing the possible strategies that a Primary school teacher can use to develop the following skills in the pupils they teach: critical thinking, decision making, assertiveness, peer pressure resistance and effective communication. The term life skill will be defined. Life Skills have been defined by the World Health Organization (2003) as abilities for adaptive a positive behavior that enables individuals to deal effectively with the demands of everyday life.

According to Mumble (201 1) states that, life skills re those skills which will assist an individual to interact with his or her environment as independently as possible. EUNICE (2012) defined life skills as a behavior change or behavior development approach designed to address a balance of three areas which include knowledge, attitude and skills. Blackman (2005) propounded that, the term life skills refers to a large group of psychological and interpersonal skills which can help people make informed decisions, communicate effectively and develop coping and self management skills that may help them lead a healthy and productive life.

The rite defines life skills as those skills that permit an individual to problem solving appropriately and responsibly in life situations. This implies that, one is able to explore alternatives, weigh pros and corns and make rational decisions in solving each problem as it arises. Besides, it also includes being able to establish productive interpersonal relationship with others. Checkouts (2012) propounded that life skills are the abilities that help to promote mental well being and competence in young children as they face the realities of life.

Life skills are of paramount importance in one’s life specially to the children at primary school level. According to EUNICE (2012), life skills provide school children with strategies to make healthy choices that contribute to a meaningful life. Also, they help children to take positive actions to protect themselves and to promote health and meaningful social relationships. Moreover, Life skills facilitate a complete and an integrated development of individuals to function effectively as social beings. Furthermore, they enable children to develop a concept of oneself as a person of worth and dignity (Drew and Rankin 2004).

Life skills education is a alee addition programmer for children to understand self and to assess their skills, abilities and areas of development (WHO 2003). Also, life skills education allows children to get along with others, to adjust with their environment and making responsible decisions. Besides, the education builds up children’s values and helps them to communicate effectively. Bell (2006) defines critical thinking as an investigative, logical and diagnostic manner. Suggested by Actinium (2012), critical thinking means an attempt to understand what really constitute a problem and thus influences decision making.

The same author went on to say that, critical thinking means analyzing the problem and what may have caused it to emerge. It is an ability to a identify health problems so as to seek appropriate help. The skill also helps children analyses information pertaining the germs, viruses and HIVE and AIDS. Critical thinking contributes to health by helping children to recognize and assess the factors that influence attitudes and behavior such as values, peer pressure and the media. Critical thinking implies that, once the problem is understood as to its cause and its components, the next step is creative hinging.

A process of making informed decisions is called decision making. Defined by Drew and Rankin (2004) decision making is the process of making a choice from a number of options and committing oneself to a future course Of action. Mumble (2011) stated that, decision making is the study Of identifying and choosing alternatives based on the values and preferences of the decision maker. Checkouts (2012) also stated that, decision making involves weighing each option. The author went on to say that, it helps to deal constructively with decisions about life.

The writer defines decision making as process of sufficiently reducing uncertainty and doubt about alternatives to allow a reasonable choice to be made from among them. Making decision implies that there are alternative choices to be considered and in such a case one wants not only identify as many of these alternatives as possible, but to choose the one that best fit with his or her goals, desires, lifestyle and values. It is important to note that every moment of our lives we are making decisions. The decisions made today affect or determine our lives tomorrow. Therefore, it is critical that the art of decision making is perfect.

Assertiveness is also an important skill which Primary school teachers need to impart to the children they teach. According to the oxford Dictionary of Current English (1998) to assert is to declare, to state clearly. HIVE and AIDS Curriculum (2005) define assertiveness as the ability to state a positive view and to maintain that view when opposed or pressured to change it. According to Blackman (2005) maintains that assertiveness refers to an individual’s ability to express his or her views, opinions and feelings without violating the rights of other people. It helps people to defend their personal pace or boundaries.

Young listener need to be helped to develop this skill at a tender age. Before a teacher thinks of supporting learners to develop assertiveness, he or she should be assertive him or herself. In this skill, children should be able to say ‘no’, to resist sexual abusers, to access health services to which they are entitled to and to apply problem solving skills in order to make positive and correct decisions in their lives (HIVE/AIDS Curriculum 2003). Also, the skill helps children to know what sexual abuse or molestation is, how it can be prevented, and where to find help in the case of actual or attempted sexual abuse or molestation.

It teaches young children to distinguish between different kinds of touch. At their tender age, young children need to be skilled on how to resist peer pressure. Peer pressure is a term describing the pressure exerted by a peer group in encouraging a person to change their attitudes, values, behavior and morals to conform to the group’s actions, fashions, senses, taste in music and television or outlook on life (Mumble 2011 According to UNESCO (2006) tied in Checkouts (2012) peer pressure is a strong pressure to an individual to adopt the attitudes, values, behavior and thoughts of his or her peer group.

It may be negative or positive. Peer pressure is being pushed into something that one did not have courage to do. Resistance according to WHO (2003) requires empowering children with the following life skills which in turn will influence their ability to resist peer influence. These life skills include application of negotiation skills, being assertive, relating with positive socializing agents and developing and upholding positive values system.

Peer pressure resistance helps children with the knowledge on how to deal effectively with peer group pressure, meaning that, children will be able to know how to keep their bodies safe and healthy and how to avoid harmful behavior such as sniffing glue, drug and alcohol abuse. Effective communication is another life skill which teachers at Primary school should equip children with. Communication is the fuel that stars a relationship and keeps it going. This relationship can be with parents, a boyfriend or girlfriend, fiancee, spouse or with God.

Communication is the sharing of information, ideas, experiences and emotions (EUNICE 2006). Effective communication is the exchange of ideas, feelings, opinions, wants, needs and actions verbally or non-verbally. It entails sending accurate information and receiving feedback that the message has been received without distortion. According to WHO (2003) effective communication means that children should be able to express themselves, both verbally and non-verbally in ways that are appropriate to their cultures and situations.

This implies being able to express opinions and desires as well as asking for advice and help in time of need. Effective communication helps children with the knowledge on how to conduct relationships with significant others, and with friends of the same and opposite sex and hoe to cope with strangers. Besides, it can be enhanced by clarity of message, use of appropriate language, observing appropriate timing, active listening, asking questions, observing non-verbal actions or reactions and considering the type of audience.

Effective communication helps pupils to clarify ideas, correct misconceptions, share experiences, reduce stress and provide feedback for improvements. The life skills scudded above can be taught to pupils using a number Of strategies which include case studies, brainstorming, role play, debate, songs and dances, poetry and recitals, story-telling games just to mention a few. This write up focuses on the first five. A Primary school teacher can use case studies to develop critical thinking in the pupils he or she teaches.

Defined by Mumble (201 1), a case study is a true or imaginary story which describes a problem, situation or a character. According to Buyer (1995) quoted by Drew and Rankin (2004) views a case study as real life story that describes in detail what appended to a community, family, school or to an individual. It describes a situation that a group has to discuss or a problem that a group has to solve, it has to be simple, realistic and useful if it is to make participants want to discuss it. It may be a dilemma in which pupils should come up with options on how they would solve the conflict.

Actinium (2012) suggested that, case studies offer clue on how to solve a problem or provoke the reader’s ability to solve the problem. Therefore, they should be interesting appealing and relevant to the readers imagination. Case studies aim at summarizing details ND are designed to stimulate thought (EUNICE 2006). Furthermore, case studies help learners make judgments and help them to study in depth problems in a given environment. Drew and Rankin (2004) maintained that case studies are powerful catalysts for thought and discussion.

Students consider the forces that converge to make an individual or group act in one way or the other, and then evaluate the consequences. By engaging in this thinking process, students can improve their own decision making skills. Case studies can be tied to specific activities to help students practice healthy espouses before they find themselves confronted by a health risk. In this case the teacher must act as the facilitator and coach rather than the sole source of answer and knowledge. Brainstorming is another strategy that can be used by teachers to impart life skills in the children they teach.

According to Jackson (1992) cited in Bell (2006) brainstorming is a technique which involves inviting spontaneous responses from participants on a certain subject. Defined by Bell (2006), it is a method which is used when seeking different views on opinions of a given situation, establishing the entry behavior of pupils, exploring new concepts, encouraging involvement of all participants and building consensus or agreement. Brainstorming is referred to as brain bumping and brain dumping since it is a fee expression of ideas among participants or in this case, learners on a given issue or question.

A teacher may pose a problem, for instance, what are the steps in the decision making process? The learners will give their ideas, opinions, feelings spontaneously (Checkouts 2012). All the suggestions should be noted down and the teacher should guide pupils in selecting and numbering the suggestions in the sequence manner in decision making and on selecting ideas relevant to acquisition of the appropriate life skill. Brainstorming helps ideas to flow and so generate ideas quickly. The method allows children freedom to express ideas they might normally withhold because there is no fear of judgment from the teacher or any other child.

Life skills can be taught to children at Primary school through role-play. Defined by Macaw (2005) role-play involves presenting small spontaneous plays which describes possible real life situations. According to Checkouts (2012) role-play is the unconscious acting out and discussion of the role in a group. Gateway (1990) views role-play as a spontaneous, organized activity in which a player pretends to be someone else. The writer defines role-play as an informal determination in which people act out a suggested situation.

It involves setting up situations in which members play different roles as required by the concept being taught. In a classroom situation, it allows pupils to make mistakes in a non-threatening environment. Besides, it allows pupils to practice situations before they meet them in real life. In addition, it provides an excellent strategy for practicing skills, experiencing how one might handle a potential situation in real life, increasing empathy for others and their point of view and increasing insight into one’s own feelings.

The teachers role is to describe the situation to be role-played, select players, give instructions to the role-players and discuss the outcome with the class. Debate is also an important strategy in the teaching of life skills in primary schools. Sterling (2001) defined debate as a discussion which involves two Opposite parties tit each group expressing opinions or views about a given topic pr subject. It is a technique which provides forum for discussion. A debate focuses on the pros and cons of an issue (Gateway 1990).

In a debate, there are two teams, each of which argues for one side of the issue. Each group competitively attempts to win the other to their side of the argument. At the end of the debate, the group with more points is declared the winner. Sterling (2001) stated that, debates help students clarify their own thinking and develop skills of presenting arguments in support of their thinking. In this way the life of radical thinking will be developed in learners. Debates help pupils appreciate different views of others. Besides, they correct misconceptions and explain any views experienced in the debate.

This helps participants, who are the children to reach a conclusion as per intended motion objective, thus developing decision making in pupils. A debate provides an opportunity to address a particular issue in depth and creatively (UNESCO 2001). For instance, pupils can debate, whether smoking should be banned in public places or not. This allows pupils to defend a position that may mean a lot to hem, thus developing assertiveness and peer pressure resistance in pupils. Debates also offer a chance to practice higher thinking skills. This develops critical thinking in children.

The role of the teacher to make sure fruitful debates take place is to provide students with time to research their topic and to maintain control in the classroom and to keep the debate on topic. Songs and dances are some of the strategies which can be employed by Primary school teachers in imparting life skills in the children they teach. Songs are musical compositions on topical issues and themes. They may convey messages on contemporary issues in the society (EUNICE 2006). Songs can be used in character building where positive characteristics or values are reinforced.

Sterling (2001 ) propounded that songs can be used to develop and strengthen life skills such as self awareness, communication skills and conflict resolution. Songs are useful when one wants to pass positive cultural messages in an interesting manner (EUNICE 2006). The songs can be composed by the teacher or he or she may request the learners to compose some or use already existing ones. Songs may be accompanied by a dance. According to Checkouts (2012) dancing involves co-ordination of body movements which generate joy and cheer among participants thus improving communication skills in children.

Dances are interesting, appealing and have an immediate impact on the listener which is long lasting and memorable. Story-telling is also a strategy teachers at primary school level can use to equip the children they teach with life skills. It is the conveying of events in words, images and sounds often by improvisation or embellishment (Fink 2003). Stories have been shared in every culture as a means of entertainment, education, cultural preservation and in order to instill moral values. The story can be from the teacher, children or from books. Pictures, comics, photos, novels, film strips and slides can supplement.

Children are encouraged to think about the story and discuss important issues such as, health related issues, abuse, HIVE/AIDS. Propounded by Checkouts (2012) story-telling encourage pupils to explore their unique expressiveness and can heighten their ability to communicate thought and feelings in an articulate and lucid manner. Besides, children become verbally proficient which enables hem resolve interpersonal conflicts non-violently. The teacher’s role in story- telling is provide and keep the story simple, to make the story dramatic enough to interesting.

He or she should include situations of happiness, sadness, excitement which will encourage serious thought, decisions and problem solving behaviors. This write up explored some of the life skills needed to be equipped in learners at primary school level. These include among others critical thinking, decision making, assertiveness, peer pressure resistance and effective communication. It also discussed strategies to be employed by teachers to engender such awareness in the children they teach. The methods are case studies, brainstorming, role play, debate and songs and dance.

How Successful Has The Regeneration Of Urban Areas essay

Urban decline usually starts with decline in industry, as manufacturing moves overseas due to cheaper labor available and larger workforces making it more cost efficient for the companies who are manufacturing goods, this causes industry to close locally, which leads to a rise in employment as the well paid and skilled jobs are lost. These are then replaced by low paid jobs often not suited for those who lost their job, therefore people move out of an area to find new work elsewhere.

This has major social implications on the area as the people who are left behind are often poor and unskilled leading to a decline in the areas economy, as a result of lack of opportunity for the residents resulting in potential ‘no go’ areas. If lots of people move out of an area then the demand for services such as restaurants / shops will decrease and they will have to close. This process is now as the negative multiplier effect where one changing aspect will negatively affect another.

With lots of shops/factories closing the physical environment of the area will worsen, with empty buildings and rise in graffiti and vandalism. This impacts the standard of living for the residents, resulting in social divide from areas of decline to those closely surrounding. This making the urban area unattractive to both individuals looking for housing and investors. This has occurred in London docklands and they have had to redevelop the area in order to boost the economy and try to fix the void of 50000 people losing their jobs in 1980.

There are many different approaches to try and combat these issues, and regenerate the urban area, these include property led regeneration, which focuses on improving property and constructing new buildings in order to change the areas image, this can be seen in London Thames Gateway. Gentrification is also a way to regenerate an area, this is based on private capital where the area is regenerated by individuals improving the housing, as seen in Isolation.

Partnership schemes aim to make social improvements by improving the economy and physical environment this was successfully one in Helm, Manchester. Finally regeneration of the CB, this is done by the Gobo and Local Council where they aim to redevelop a centre in order to encourage investment, Manchester city centre has undergone redevelopment which has benefited both social and economical issues in the area. Gentrification is often associated with social changes in the area, where those on lower incomes are displaced by more affluent people.

The purchasing power of residents is much greater than the LA, leading to a rise in the general level of prosperity and an increase in services. Usually one individual will renovate a house and then others will see the potential and move to the area. Once the houses are renovated and the area becomes an attractive place to live shops and services will follow. Isolation, a borough in N London has undergone gentrification, it originally was occupied by wealthy residents but the expansion of railways in the late 19th century enabled the wealthier residents to move out to the suburbs.

This void was filled by poorer residents which led the area to become overcrowded and maintenance of the area being too expensive for the residents. In the sass middle class began to buy properties in Isolation as the increase of service sector jobs in the city usually enticed a younger workforce which required long hours and therefore wanted to live close to the city centre. The houses in Isolation were large and therefore attractive to young buyers plus the cost of a house would be a fraction of the price in some other areas Of London.

Gentrification has been successful in Isolation in regards to the physical environment where they have introduced new street furniture and parks for families creating a more attractive environment and increase of services provided there as the level of housing has improved as new bars and restaurants move to the area to accommodate for the wealthier newcomers , making the area a more attractive place to live however as the demand to live there has increased the house prices which have rocketed from 130 000 to 430 000 in 2008, which makes It hard for those on lower salaries to live there.

Isolation is still the 8th most deprived area in England which suggests more still needs to be done in the area, however they are trying to tackle the deprivation in the area by rejects run by charities where they help the unemployed learn basic math skills and language courses to try and enable them to get a moderately paid job. Gentrification has led to a growing wealth gap between the richest and poorest residents. Where the top 20% earn more than 60 000 while the poorest 20% earn less than 15000 a year.

This will create tension between old and new residents, with this being considered it is hard to agree that gentrification is an effective way to improve an area successfully. Partnership schemes involve local councils working with businesses and coal communities to come up with a regeneration plan for the area. They try to improve the economy environment and social aspects of the area. There were 31 partnerships schemes ran in deprived areas between 1 992 and 1 998, the gobo provided 1 . 4 billion for these schemes and attracted a total private investment of around 7. 58 billion. Helm in Manchester was regenerated by a city challenge partnership. In the 19th century the area was over crowded, with many people living in poor quality housing with few facilities leading to the standard of living being low marred to other areas of the ASK, the whole area was cleared for redevelopment in the 1 9605, people moved to tower blocks which were inadequate to live in.

By the sass many people moved out of Helm leaving the area with problems with crime and unemployment, this will have a negative impact on the area’s economy as investors will be put off by the high level of crime and people will have to leave the area to find work. In 1992 the Helm partnership challenge was formed, Manchester city council invested 37. 5 million to regenerate the area. It aimed to create a strong community feel. Its main improvements were the demolishing of the tower blocks replaced by new housing, both council owned and private.

Main shopping areas were redeveloped, with the creation of the Zion centre, and the construction of a new business park which encouraged investment from high profile businesses. The partnership scheme made Helm a more attractive place to live with an estimated growth of 3. 3% in population compared to 0. 2% across the city as a whole. Most remarkably unemployment fell from 32% to 6% showing the positive impacts of partnership schemes on the local community and the local economy. However Helm is still a poor area with 47. % living in social housing and the increasing cost of housing leads to private housing being unaffordable for those on low incomes. Over all the scheme was a success yet there is still a long way till all the issues are resolved. This method involves local people and tries to meet the needs of the local residents rather than focusing on the wealthier residents and their needs, which often leads to people feeling left out. This has been seen in the process of gentrification where the area has been improved both economically and physically yet has deed to segregation and a large economical divide.

Also contrasting to property led regeneration where the focus is on improving the area and increased investment which has been seen to ignore the local residents opinions. Property led regeneration is being used in London Thames Gateway which stretches along 40 miles of the Thames to the east of London. It focuses on improving property to change the image of the area and improve the local environment. Urban development corporation’s were set up to encourage people to move back into urban areas. The area was once important for manufacturing yet the decline in 1 sass led to the area being derelict and unattractive for investors.

London Thames gateway development corporation was set up in 2004 they aimed to encourage existing and new industry to develop while improving housing and social facilities for those who live there. LTD set up new town centre in canning town and custom house with retail, business and leisure space provided. They also developed more than 10, 000 houses along with health centre, schools and leisure facilities. The successes are ongoing but to date, the population in the borough of irking and Datagram rose by 12%.

The introduction of the new schools and investment into old schools have benefited the younger population with access to better education and as a result the number of school children get 5 GASES from A* -C has rose from 29% to 46% in some schools. The increase of children getting access to better education and results will enable the children to achieve higher and therefore have greater job opportunities when older, which will benefit the individuals as they will be able to explore different job opportunities rather than unskilled and low paid jobs they would eve been restricted to.

However the recent developments has caused some concern, the LTD have not been listening to local concerns, giving planning permission to nightclubs despite opposition from the community and objections to a further development of a tower block which would cause overcrowding to the area and parking problems. Property led regeneration has been successful in benefiting the physical environment and providing new services such as improvements in the local transport in London Thames gateway along with new restaurants and bars opening, which will benefit the local residents.

Yet they seem to care less about the community input than that compared to partnership schemes as partnership schemes focus on involving the community compared to property led which is run by councils and private investors which sometimes ignore the community decision. Finally regeneration of CB, this is done by Gobo and local council. CB have faced decline in recent years due to the introduction of regional shopping centre such as the Tradeoff centre, RISC are attractive to shoppers due to easy parking provided, the long hours open and easy access as they are often close to motorways.

The CB has had to try and overcome this issue by making the CAD more attractive to shoppers. Manchester city centre has undergone redevelopment to try and fight back against the impacts of the Tradeoff centre. Main developments included, renovation of rundown buildings, egg corn exchange this improves the physical environment of the area which increases visitors, This can increase the economy of the area and benefit the residents as money can be invested in to the area improving the quality of life.

They have also encouraged people to live in the town centre due to diversification f land, this makes the centre more safe at night as buildings are not completely empty and lights will be on. They have also focused on having a USPS something which the Tradeoff centre does not have, the Ribs exhibition centre has done just this and has given the CAD an advantage over out of town retailing. The new set-vices would increase job opportunities in the area which will benefit both the economy and social aspects of the CB.

Redevelopment of the city centre has been successful yet still an ongoing process, the population has doubled to 1 9000 people, this is encouraging as t is proof the city centre is becoming more attractive. Manchester is plays an important role in the Elks economy contributing 5 billion just from the tourism alone, the improvements in retail has led to an increase on average of 300 million a year which is a massive success.

However although the CB has achieved its main aims it now needs to look helping the community more as problems still remain, in 2001 16% were on low incomes and this led to people feeling excluded from the city centre. Overall regeneration programmer have been successful in many parts of the I-J . When selecting a generation approach it is essential to focus on the specific needs of the Gentrification as a process of regeneration is a very effective and cost efficient, as it is based on individuals doing up the area, with no Gobo investment.

However this process is limited in its use as it is unplanned and occurs spontaneously due to private personal investment. Partnership schemes such as the one in Helm Manchester have been very successful due the active involvement of the local community, and listening to their needs, this has resulted in many improvements such as the unemployment rate dropping from 32% to 6% from 1984 to 201 0, however he area still remains one of poorest areas in Manchester, which leaves the overall impact of the scheme open to discussion.

Property led schemes aim to improve the physical environment and increase the number of people living in the area, this has been a great success in London Thames Gateway, however the initial investment was high of 209. 6 million , compared to gentrification which has no public money invested into it yet outcomes were similar. The final method of regeneration if redevelopment of the CB, this type of method can be used when a city centre has been out competed by Regional shopping centre.

Tour de Georgia essay

209 1. 1 Data protection Act 1 998 (ADAPT), the purpose of this guidance to local authorities and social services is to provide information about how to keep good practice on keeping records and how to maintain those standards. This covers eight principles under which personal data must be protected and collected. As well as advice on how to retain and dispose record safely. As well as provide guidance on how to keep records confidential. ADAPT provides individuals with the rights ( Freedom of information Act 2000) to access their private information like medical information or other information that authorities have about particular individual.

Service user information must be confidential and can be only accessed with their consent. And they should be aware of what date has been kept about them and reasons why they been keeping it. 1. 2 It is very important to keep information secure and private that individuals and staffs private information will stay protected from unauthorized viewing. It is their right to to have their private information to be protected. It is important to protect information to avoid indemnity theft.

As well as to keep reverie users trust between services and service users. To gain their trust, they have to know that their private information is safe and protected and can ;t be used against them or seen by someone who has no permission to see it. Without all these things services can ‘t have confidentiality and trust from service users and their services would ;t have any users as people would ; t be able to feel safe and protected and would leave them feeling vulnerable as their information could be accessed by anyone. . 1 You can access guidance, information and advice about handling information y reading companies policies and procedures. As well as ask your colleges, managers about guidance and advice on how to access information. Through the code of practice like General Social Care Council that produces Codes of practice for sociological workers, it provides information about how to handle information.

You can use internet to access more information about how to handle information, read booklets and other materials. As well as ask for advice others who have had more experience and they been working in this environment for longer time. It is very useful to keep open communication teen you and your colleges and managers as they can always share their experience or explain how to do thing the right way and how to maintain high quality service and provide the best care you can. . 2 When and if there are concerns over recording, sharing and storing information I would turn to my colleges or line manager to ensure I record it. If information is related to service users privacy, I can to ask for their consent before I pass information to someone else. Like in case of abuse, I have to ask SE;CE users their consent for sharing information with others as t is their rights to not disclose information and keep it private.

I can still make my manager aware of situation but make sure information stays confidential and I respect service users needs and preferences and don ;t break their trust. As well as not discuss service users information on front of other service users as it is against confidentiality law. Everything has to be kept recorded not just to protect service user but yourself as a service provider. To make sure that information is correct and recorded and dated and can ‘t be used against you.

Following Recent Environmental Issues essay

Through the use of informal speech and inclusive engage, the reader of the website is positioned to share the viewpoint and agree with the issue Rice and Martin display. The play on tradition in the beginning of the piece high lights the writers’ contention with its message of ‘we’ve always done it like this’. This being the reference of ‘the quiet gurgle of the boiling kettle in the morning’ which urges reader support of the contention by provoking feelings of valuing the importance of tradition.

This, followed by colorful connotative language in the phrase ‘guttural sounds of steaming water being forced through aluminum or plastic coffee pods’, evokes a negative idea or feeling towards the pods. Rice and Martin are primarily proposing a change and seeking to appeal to tradition in order for readers of this website to show support by straying away from the pods and back to the traditional more environmentally beneficial option.

This is cemented in reference to the image of the used pods illustrated in the article with the caption ‘A quick shot but then what? ‘ recalling the idea that while some are recycled the multitude, as shown, end up in the bin. Furthermore, the mocking statement ‘pangs of guilt are only naked by the latte socialists when the dank pods require emptying’ provoke feelings of further disappointment from the readership. One word that appears more than most in the article is ‘sustainability.

The use of this repetition throughout highlights Rice and Martins’ message of this generations ‘environmental profligacy. In today’s society often things are said but not done in reference to being ‘green’ or living sustainable. By stating that pods are emblematic of the wider issue in society, the authors further prove heir contention. This is heightened by ironic comparison between the coffee pod industry and ‘an ageing soviet nuclear plant’.

In following paragraphs Rice and Martin compare the leader of the pod market Newspapers with a newly established New Zealand Ethical Coffee Company, highlighting the benefits such as the biodegradable vegetable based coffee capsule. By doing so he encourages readers support through the use Of praise and positive connotative language, overall providing encouragement for change to a more environmentally friendly but equally as convenient option. Through the use of pictorial support, Rice and Martin illustrate Australia’s dependency of coffee pods portrayed as a value of consumerism.

The image by Matt Gilding found in the Sydney Morning Herald, depicts ‘The Coffee’ as that which is of substance and ‘The Froth’ being a representation of the air of it all, in other words the economics and marketing based industry being placed above that which is important Through the inclusion of this image Rice and Martin further prove Australia’s values. This is heightened by reference to the following phrase ‘Wrapping a product in a veil of environmentally positive haze, regardless of how fundamentally offensive its environmental credentials are’.

This serves to convince readers of the marketing schemes as Rice is primarily seeking to gain support for change from the readership. This is cemented further through the use of expert opinion labeling pods as Watery, musty and underwhelming’ by independent consumer group Choice. The authors seek to further prove to readership and gain support in the change for greener more environmentally thought about and based decisions rather than consumerist thought processes.

Working time essay

For background checks and vetting of employees before, during and after they are in employment of the organization. Two types Of data collected and how they support HER practices The key two types of data collected within the organization and their importance to HER practices is described below. 1 Absence management: The sickness absence policy aims to ensure that absence is managed in a consistent, supportive and effective way so that operational and service levels are maintained. This policy applies to all staff with a contract of employment and is in line with company guidance.

If absence is not managed properly problems such as loss of production or a reduction in services can arise and staff morale can be adversely affected. 2 Appraisal management: Reviews and feedback for employee’s performance is collected by their line management to ensure the right people are supporting various organizational functions in the required manner. If such data is not managed adequately, less skilled or over-skilled staff would be fulfilling roles leading to decreased productivity for the business, either due to decreased morale or inability to perform the given job ole.

Two methods and their benefits of storing records The organization has to store many types of data. Like employee’s documents, legal documents, payroll documents etc. There are different methods to store the data. The most common methods are paper storage and Electronic storage. 1 Paper storage: Some of the benefits of paper storage are that they do not allow users to easily edit files or send information to others. Paper files often cannot be edited directly, forcing users to make new copies to update old files.

It can also be used as original evidence or proof. Paper filing systems are less complex than electronic systems, which can make it easier for untrained people to access the data. Anyone can look through alphabetized filing cabinets to find a file. As every method has some loop holes, so is paper storage. One of the primary disadvantages Of traditional file systems is it is very time consuming and also occupies a lot of space. 5. Electronic Storage: Some of the benefits of electronic storage of data are quicker to input and access.

Large volumes of data can be conveniently stored, accessed and altered making it very cost effective. Computers can perform computations with a very high speed without suffering boredom, tiredness or lack of concentration. Even if millions of computations are to be performed, it performs the calculations with same accuracy and speed. Some of the disadvantages are important electronic documents can be easily edited and re-saved, which could be a breach of security. The data can also be stolen by hackers from any part of the world.

Two UK Legislations related to ARIA Data protection Act (ADAPT) 1 998: The ADAPT defines the way in which information about living people may be equally used and handled. ADAPT assists in protecting individuals against misuse or abuse of their information. Freedom of Information Act (AAA) 2000: The VIA makes provision for the disclosure of information held by public authorities or by persons providing services for them. For more information on these acts please refer to the Appendix A.

Activity 2 Flexible Working provision and uptake: Survey May 2012 Introduction of the HER area covered in the CUPID report The HER area covered in the concerned CUPID Survey Report is Flexible Working provision by organizations and its uptake. The report examines: 1 The types of flexible working arrangements offered by employers, 2 The legal issues faced by some employers, 3 Access and uptake of flexible working arrangements by the employees; and 4 Benefits and barriers to flexible working.

Analysis and Interpretation of the data The report is based on responses collected from more than 1 000 employers and 2000 employees, considered UK workforce only and was conducted in early January 2012. The report presents an in-depth view of the types of flexible working provisions offered by employers including part-time working, irking from home, flextime, compressed hours, career breaks/sabbaticals, mobile working, term-time working, condiments, annual hours and time off work in the community. Figure 1 provides the detailed data behind each of these types and which of these provisions have been most and least frequently offered.

The statistics behind each of these types (Figure 1) helped me to analyses which flexible working patterns have really been offered and then comparing such data with the uptake Of such offerings by the employees (Figure error: Reference source not found), provided a clear view on which revisions actually work. Lastly, the benefits, barriers and trends in flexible working provided a deep insight into some useful tips organizations and employees should keep in mind while implementing or using flexible working provisions.

Dividing such data by size of industries (micro, small, medium and large) also helps in understanding where some of the benefits can be reaped faster and where some more work might be needed to get the true value from the flexible working provisions. Findings from the report The key findings that I found from the report are below: 1 . Flexible working provision – employer’s policies and practices a. Employers of all sizes (micro, small, medium and large) offer some form of flexible working.

In fact, only 4% of overall employers from the report did not offer any flexible working provisions to their employees. B. Part-time working is the most common flexible working provision provided by employers, followed by working from home on a regular basis. Time-off for community work and annual hours are the least offered flexible working provisions. C. Large organizations offer a wide range of options for flexible working compared to mailer organizations. Small employers also tend to have informal arrangements. D.

Other barriers include maintaining customer/service requirements, management of flexible workers and existing culture and senior management attitudes. Base: All Organizations (818) Figure 1: TYPES OF FLEXIBLE WORKING ARRANGEMENTS OFFERED BY EMPLOYERS 2. Flexible working and the law a. Only a small proportion of employers have problems in complying with the right to request legislation in the last two years from the report date. B. Small employers are less likely to report problems in comparison to larger organizations. 3.

Access to and Uptake of flexible working among employees c. Part-time working is the most preferred type of flexible working option taken up by the employees, followed by flextime and working from home on a regular basis. Remote working is another option most commonly used by employees. D. Other forms of flexibility are not used in comparison. E. On a gender basis, women use more flexible working options than men. F. Employees working for micro and small businesses are more likely to work flexibly than those working in medium or large organizations. . Most of the employees agreed that they never had request to work flexibly turned down. Base: All employees, excluding sole traders whose organizations provide some form Of flexible working (1298) Figure 2: THE UPTAKE OF FLEXIBLE WORKING ARRANGEMENT AMONG EMPLOYEES 4. Benefits and barriers to flexible working h. Employers have reported that providing flexible working is having positive impact on a number of areas in organizational performance. i. Employees also report that flexible working helps them achieve better work-life balance generally.

All believe that flexible working makes them more productive. J. Operational pressures are mentioned as the key barrier to improving flexible working. Base: All organizations (818) Figure 3: BARRIERS TO IMPROVING FLEXIBLE WORKING PRACTICES Base : All organizations offering flexible working (754) Figure 4: POSITIVE IMPACT OF FLEXIBLE WORKING PRACTICES ON AREAS OF ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE (70) From the above analysis, I would recommend all the organizations should have some kind of flexible working.

There are more benefits than barriers to flexible working. Appendix A Activity 1 Data Protection Act Principles Personal data shall be processed fairly and lawfully arsenal data shall be obtained only for lawful purposes Personal data shall be adequate, relevant and not excessive in relation to the purpose or purposes for which they are processed. Personal data shall be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date. Personal data processed for any purpose or purposes shall not be kept for longer than is necessary.

Personal data shall be processed in accordance with the rights of data subjects under this Act. Appropriate technical and organizational measures shall be taken against unauthorized or unlawful processing of personal data ND against accidental loss and destruction. Personal data shall not be transferred to a country or territory outside the European Economic Area unless that country or territory ensures an adequate level of protection.

Lord of the Flies and King Lear essay

This affirms King Lear as a powerful figure of authority through his command of language. Upon his relinquishing of power to his daughters the ‘storm and tempest’ begins on stage. This acts as a physical manifestation Of Learns inner turmoil, and the chaos in the natural order due to the loss of authority. The chaos is further represented on the heath when Leads language reminds us of hell, with imagery of, “sulfurous and thought executing fires”. This displays the violence, and break down in refined language, highlighting to us the chaos consuming Lear, and his world.

Shakespeare, therefore confirms that without a presence of authority, chaos ill descend upon the world. Shakespearean concept of chaos without authority is also explored in Gildings Lord of the flies. However, Gilding suggests that without authority the evil in humanity emerges. Ralph attempts to maintain order on the island, stating “we must have rules and obey them, after all we’re not savages”. This ironically foreshadows the breakdown in order, due to the lack of authority. Gilding traces the decent into chaos through the chant, “Kill the beast!

Cut his throat! Spill his blood”. The horrifying chant is accompanied with violent actions that become all- consuming, resulting in the murder of Simon. This disturbing moment reminds the audience of the chaos in humanity that emerges without authority. This chaos is portrayed similarly in King Lear, through the subplots graphic blinding of Gloucester. At the end of Gildings novel the imagery of the island “scorched up like dead wood” reminds us of the ruin without authority caused by “the darkness of man’s heart”.

Therefore, both Shakespeare and Gilding demonstrate, without authority there is chaos, Gilding, also suggesting that evil emerges without authority. Shakespeare also explores the responsibility of authoritative fig rest to possess insight. The conflict of sight and insight is established in the opening scene when Lear States, “Out Of my sight” which is countered by Kent who states, “see better”. Through the imagery, we are invited to reflect upon Learns lack of insight as an authoritative figure. In act four Lear finally admits, “I am very foolish, fond old man”.

The statement’s repetition emphasizes the gain of insight, enabled by the journey on the heath. We can also hear echoes of the Fool’s statement in act one, “Thou should not have been old till thou heads been wise”. The Fool has acted as a dramatic tool to prompt Lear into moments of unsightliness. Therefore, Learns echoing of phrasing suggests a gain in insight, brought about by the Fool’s words. In Learns final moments Albany gives ‘this old majesty, to him our absolute power. Lea’s restoration of power, therefore highlights to us the importance of authority having insight.

Shakespeare, thus emphasizes that leaders must acquire true insight to possess authority. Gilding represents Shakespearean idea of the importance of insight in an authoritative figure, whilst also exploring the consequences of a lack of insight. Piggy’s insight, represented through his lasses, compliments Rally’s authoritative character, emphasized to us, through the dialogue as Piggy recognizes the conch as “ever so valuable”, Ralph building on the idea by “calling the others” to establish order.

This corresponds with the idea explored by Shakespeare when the Fool prompts Lear. Gilding, however, also suggests the Consequences Of no insight. This portrayed through the characterization of Jack. The shocking description of Piggy, as he “fell forty feet’ and “his head opened and turned red”, emphasizes the contrasting savage nature of Jack, and his tribe, therefore suggesting a direct consequence of authority without insight, is ruin.

Although, both Gilding, and Shakespeare emphasize the importance of an authoritative figure holding insight. Gilding, through the central characters, illuminates the consequences of authority without insight. Therefore, both Shakespearean, and Gilding’s text’s explore similar ideas of chaos without authority, and the necessity for leaders to possess insight. However Gilding also suggests evil emerges without the presence of authority, and explores in detail, the consequences Of authority without insight.