Illusion vs Reality in Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf essay

From the very beginning, George and Martha have a complicated marriage, w here there is no love, but rather a brother/ sister relationship. In contrast with this, the author presents Nick and Honey, the Lamarckian couple who at first sight appears to have no prop elms. Then, Honey and Martha leave the scene while George makes Nick start showing his true self. This change is also seen in Martha, and George does not want to believe it: “She’s what ? She’s changing? ” (46) Martha changes, both her clothes and her character to get Ge ore’s attention.

With this Label shows the problems of the real American couple, the one that is not perfect but learns how to cope with reality. The way they do it is by using their masks and protecting each other from the fact that they do not have a child. As in reality, it is not all love or hate, just a couple dealing with real problems. On the other hand, Label uses Nick and Honey to, in the beginning, show the perfect marriage; but as the play develops, the audience is faced with the reality that they are far from being perfect. As George tells Honey, “We all peel labels, sweetie;” (225) Here,

Label shows that perfection is not a possibility in modern society (or for that matter, any s society in all human history). While it reveals Honeys real self, it also helps the author tell the audio once that everyone, not only the characters in the play, is a human being. Then again, e beyond is capable of wearing many masks (or labels) and peeling them away. The problem is that t not many want to peel the labels because they prefer to stay in the cave and live in the dark, as Plato showed in his Allegory of the Cave . Here, Label shows that, even though illusion is a necessity, reality is also important.

To reconcile the two ideas, the importance of reality and the necessity of illus. on, Label uses Martha to tell George that he does not know the difference between truth h (reality) and illusion; to which George responds: “No, but we must carry on as though we d id. ” (214). Thanks to their games, Martha and George are able to turn their masks as necessity r squires. This explains the change in power between Martha and George throughout the Pl ay. This is the reason Martha feels bound to George; he is the only one capable of adapting to the g Ames as fast as she changes the rules.

AS BTEC Level Unit essay

When the general price level rises, each amount products bought from the store decreases as the rate of the product is too high. Since June 2013 the annual inflation in the UK rose and figures coming up to 1. % in April 2014. These were offset by an overall fall in food and clothing prices. This affected Marks & Spencer (M&S) enormously as money increased for transport costs, notable air fares, sea fares and no profit as all the products were too highly priced.

This resulted to a 3. 9% fall underlying annual profits to Emma in their final year result in March 2014. The consumer of Marks & Spencer would be affected during the recession because there’s less money for them to spend in the store therefore they spend less and try to save more but also the worth of the money would have aromatically dropped. The customers of M would be still affected during growth inflation however the company will still be gaining profit from them.

The company still gains profit as the consumer would spend more money but the prize of the product would still go up however the value of the money stays the same so Marks and Spencer would be still making profit compared to before. During a recession inflation would affect Marks & Spencer suppliers because of machinery and wages of people making the goods would need to be higher o then the supplier would have to sell the good at a much higher rate to gain some profit but also to satisfy the price of the worker and machinery needed to make the products.

During a growth inflation the suppliers for Marks and Spencer would be also affected in another way as the suppliers have to buy supplies at higher rate to make the goods and therefore the suppliers will need to sell the goods at a higher rate to gain profit there it leads the Marks and Spencer company to sell there goods at s much more higher a rate to customers to gain profit.

Personal Narrative essay

The way in which a person develops cognitively, emotionally and socially vary, and understanding the way in which a person came to be who hey are today is important for growth and understanding. Personal Narrative: One There are different ways to view changes and growth throughout life, the focus throughout this paper will be on the cognitive, emotional and social development starting with the early years. The person I am today, was most definitely shaped by the way in which I grew up and the environment that I was in. How much impact did the environment and nature play into the person have grown to be?

Cognitive Development The way that a person thinks, problem solves, remembers and process information and makes decisions varies from person to person, why is this? All children go through stages differently and in response adults all have different ways to go through with these things. According to Piglet’s stages Of development (1952, 1 954), children learn how to do these skills best when their parents and educators give them freedom to explore their surroundings and giving them learning environments that are similar to their level of ability (p. 10). Thinking back to my childhood and the environment in which I grew up was difficult.

Looking at Piglet’s stages and connecting them with the way hat problem solve and the way that I used to problem solve there were definite connections. As an infant everything that you do is seniority responses, children sometimes mimic what they see around them and eventually people are able to think logically or in an abstract way. Throughout my life my parents let me explore my surroundings and never held me back in that aspect. As a child I never tested my limits, always followed the rules and I believe that the cultural context in which was brought up in played a huge role in this.

My family was very dysfunctional and I took what was aught by my mother and father about right and wrong decisions combined with the contradicting view of what their actions were to make my own decisions. According to Piglet’s adaptation theory (1 952, 1954) humans use assimilation and accommodation to make decisions. Coming from a family where the right decisions were not always made, and taking into consideration what I knew was right was able to make my own decisions in life. Feel as though I am an abstract thinker and that I am able to use my experience as a child to make better decisions than my parents did a lot of the times.

The culture in which I was raised also played a huge role in my overall cognitive development. My parents stressed the importance of fitting in and being accepted by others, the way that I made decisions was in direct correlation with this, according to Viscosity culture has an impact on cognitive development (Viscosity, 1934, p. 21). Emotional Development am a highly sensitive person, always have been. I am completely in touch with my feelings and I often get hurt easily because of this. Thinking back to my early years, can remember when my mother used to encourage me to express myself, this has been the root to my emotional side.

According to the textbook a child’s emotional skills are a lot of times related to the type of caregiver you had (2006). My mother was always responsive, I believe that is how I learned that showing emotion was k, this continued on into my adult life. According to Grouse’s developmental position, emotions are not fully formed at birth and that is why those early connections are so crucial to full emotional development (Grouse, 1996, p. 116). This also brings up the idea Of culture and the impact it had on me.

Growing up in a culture where it was k o express emotion, my growth in this area has been to its full capacity, I do believe that if I were in a culture that this wasn’t the case I would not be as fully developed in this area. Social Development There are certain theories I found myself connecting with while others it was much harder. Connected much easier with Erosion’s personality theory, stating that humans form their social relationships in the first year of life (Erikson, 1 950/1963, p. 122). My mother and father always responded to me, this is where formed my basic trust and was able to view others as dependable and trustworthy (p. 3). I spoke with my mother about the type Of infant I was, she mentioned that I loved people and especially her. I asked her several questions as to what type of child was in certain situations. She mentioned that I cried when she dropped me off to the sitters, but once she left I would be k. She also said that let just about anyone hold me, and wasn’t afraid of people. After chatting I drew the conclusion that I was most likely securely attached. It sounded like I had a secure sense of who my mother was, was comfortable in situations with others, but always felt most unforgettable around my mother.

The attachment theories that Bowls came up with discuss the importance of secure attachment as a child, for this reason am thankful for the care I was given as a child, believe it carried over into my adult life and I am able to have full trusting relationships (Bowls, 1969/1982, 1973, 1980, p. 122) Discussion Early life experiences change the way that people develop. In my early years I am grateful that my parents let me explore my boundaries so that I was able to problem solve and think for myself.

Physiology and Anatomy of a Cell essay

The diagram shows a section through part of a cell as it would appear when seen with an electron microscope. Cisterns This cell produces and secretes a protein. Describe the part played by organelles A, B and C in producing and secreting this protein. Concertmaster’s. Webby. Com The table shows information about the different parts of this cell. Part of cell Percentage of total cell volume Number in the cell Cytoplasm surrounding cell organelles 54 Mitochondria 22 about 1 700 Nucleus 16 Lissome 11 about 300 Cistern of rough endoplasmic reticulum 19 Which organelle is larger, a mitochondria or a lissome?

Use calculations based on figures from the table to support your answer. Argue organelle; In the drawing there appear to be a number of separate cistern in the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The table gives the approximate number of cistern as one. Suggest an explanation for the apparent difference. 2 This cell produces a large amount of protein. Explain how the number of mitochondria in the cell may be linked to this. (Total 10 marks) 2. Read the following passage. A red blood cell is packed full of hemoglobin. When mature, it contains none of the organelles usually found in an animal cell.

The nucleus, endoplasmic testicle. Mitochondria and ribosome are all absent. 5 10 More is known about the plasma membrane of a human red blood cell than about any other eukaryotic cell membrane. One reason for this is that the plasma membrane surrounding a red blood cell can be isolated without being contaminated by internal cell membranes. Red blood cell plasma membranes or “ghosts” can be prepared by putting the cells in a dilute salt solution. This causes the cells to swell and burst, leaving only the plasma membrane.

Red blood cell ghosts have been investigated and found to contain several different proteins. One of these proteins is specters. It is made up of long polypeptide chains which form a network on the inside of the membrane. Specters strengthens the membrane and is involved in maintaining the three- dimensional shape of the red blood cell. 3 Use the information from the passage and your own knowledge to answer the fool lowing questions. Complete the table by giving two ways in which the structure of a red blood cell differs from the structure of a bacterial cell.

Red blood cell Bacterial cell Contains hemoglobin Does not contain hemoglobin Contains specters Does not contain specters Hemoglobin is a protein. Explain why a mature red blood cell cannot make Mongolia. Plasma membranes that have been isolated from red blood cells are not contaminated by internal cell membranes (lines 6 – 7). Explain why. 4 When red blood cells are put in a dilute salt solution they swell (line 8). Use your knowledge of water potential to explain why. Some people have red blood cells that do not contain specters.

These red blood cells are spherical in shape. They also burst more quickly when put in distilled water. (i) Explain why more oxygen is taken up by normal red blood cells than by these spherical cells. Explain why red blood cells that do not contain specters burst more quickly hen put into distilled water. Polypeptides such as specters are formed from amino acids. Describe the structure of an amino acid molecule and explain how amino acids link together. (Total 1 5 marks) 3. The drawing shows an electron micrograph of a section through part of an alveolus from a lung. Inside of alveolus Cell A Cell B 6 Describe the path of a molecule of oxygen from the air in the alveolus at X to the plasma membrane of cell A. Cell A is a eukaryotic cell. Give two features that may be found in a prokaryotic cell which are not found in cell A Cells A and B are biconcave discs. Explain one advantage of a biconcave disc ever a spherical cell of the same volume in transporting oxygen. The diameter off human red blood cell is 7 GM. Calculate the magnification of the drawing. Show your working.

Magnification -? 7 In calculating the magnification, what assumption did you have to make about how the section was cut? (Total 8 marks) 4. Human milk contains all the nutrients a young baby needs in exactly the right proportions. It is formed in the mammary glands by small groups of milk, producing cells. These cells absorb substances from the blood and use them to synthesis the lipids, carbohydrates and proteins found in milk. Milk- reducing cells are roughly cube-shaped and have a height to breadth ratio of approximately 1. 2 : 1. The main carbohydrate in milk is lactose.

Lactose is a disaccharide formed by the condensation of two inconsiderate, glucose and calaboose. (A molecule of calaboose has the same formula as a molecule of glucose – the atoms are just arranged in a different way. ) Lactose is synthesized in the Googol apparatus and transported in vesicles through the cytoplasm. Because lactose is unable to escape from these vesicles, they increase in diameter as they move towards the plasma membrane. The vesicle membranes fuse with the plasma membrane and the icicles empty their contents out of the cell. The following questions.

The breadth of a milk-producing cell is 26 pm. Calculate the height of this cell. Pm 8 Describe and explain how you would expect the height to breadth ratio of an epithelial cell from a lung alveolus to differ from the height to breadth ratio of a milk-producing cell. How many oxygen atoms are there in a molecule of calaboose; lactose? The lactose-containing vesicles increase in diameter as they move towards the plasma membrane of the milk-producing cell (lines 11-12). Use your knowledge of water potential to explain why. 9 Suggest one advantage of milk-producing cells containing large numbers of mitochondria.

Some substances pass through the plasma membrane of a milk-producing cell by diffusion. Describe the structure of a plasma membrane and explain how different substances are able to pass through the membrane by diffusion. (Total 15 marks) 5. Explain how the shape of a red blood cell allows it to take up a large amount of oxygen in a short time. Samples of blood were mixed with equal volumes of different liquids. A drop of each mixture was put on a slide and examined with an optical microscope. The table shows the appearance of each slide. Slide

Week Final Paper essay

The five elements in aging any relationship successful are: listen, watch what you say, understand, disclose, and manage. If you are able to do these five things, you will be on the right path to making this a marriage that lasts! Marriages should be built on communication and it should definitely be the foundation. Believe it or not your communication skills with one another can determine whether or not you marriage with prosper or perish.

You will not be flawless when it comes to communicating but this letter will hopefully teach you rewarding ways to be effective at it, which you will find to be very important in our marriage. I am excited to have the opportunity to share with you the tools that I have during my class. It is my hope that this information will be useful for you two during your journey. Develop strategies for active, critical, and empathetic listening. Listening to your partner is very important, but when I say listen to them I do not mean just hear the words they are saying to you.

Actively hearing and participating with your ears and mind are very important. Active listening involves: having the motivation to listen, clearly hearing the message behind the words, paying attention, interpreting the usage, evaluating the message, and remembering and responding appropriately. (Sole, K. 201 1) So you see, listening is not the easiest thing in the world nor does it come quickly. “Being preoccupied with one’s own responsibilities and trying to listen while at the same time assessing and framing a reply are barriers to deep listening.

One cannot do all these at the same time and pay attention to someone in need. ” (Wright, 2006) Sometimes it is easy to get caught up in the world around you, but you may find that by allowing yourself a chance to listen freely with nothing burdening you, your immunization with your spouse will be open and honest. “Making a connection and partnering in a profound intimate relationship is critical, as it supports the potential for healing and compassion- for hearing the sound of another’s heart, as well as the sound of one’s own. (Browning & Waite 201 0) Some techniques that you can implement into your daily routine to ensure that you are listening to your partner can include: Make eye contact when listening, do not interrupt when they are trying to speak, look for non-verbal cues, and let go of your own agenda. Strife, 2008) Remember the key to effective communication is learning how to listen effectively! Words have the power to bring two people closer together and the power to tear them apart. The way a person interprets the words that are spoken is just as important as the way the speaker perceives what they are saying. Sing specific words can affect the attitude of a person either positively or negatively. The best piece of advice I can give to you is to choose your words very carefully. Your choice in words can affect the behavior of your spouse and their perception of you as a errors. “Sometimes we may not be aware that words we have said have hurt someone deeply even though it was never the intention. ” (Yin, L. C. 2007) Watching what we say and the context in which we say it may help to avoid arguments that were completely avoidable. Perception is the way you think about something or the way you understand it.

Everyone perceives things differently. Understanding how your partner takes things will help you to avoid many disasters. The same goes for their emotions. If you know how your partner will emotionally react to something before you communicate, o may also be able to avoid conflict. Getting to know how your future spouse feels about many things will aid you in the understanding on how to approach certain situations. Nonverbal communication involves many things. Facial expressions, tone, and the body- language you exude can help to gayety point across when trying to communicate effectively.

Not unlike spoken words, nonverbal communication can be misjudged and interpreted incorrectly. (Sole, K. 2011) Make sure to take care when you communicate with your partner and watch how they react to what you are saying with the nonverbal cues they give off. Matthews, W. States, “Nonverbal expressions include the way you dress, your posture, body tension, facial expressions, degree of eye contact, hand and body movements, tone Of voice, the amount Of physical space between you and the other person, variations of speech, and any kind of touch. Also remember that when you are using modern technology such as cellular devices and computers to communicate, some things you may communicate might be taken the wrong way if you aren’t careful to explain meaning. Perception and nonverbal communication are thrown off while a genealogical medium is being used for communication. In marriage, there is not really a boundary of self-disclosure. In self-disclosure, you choose how much information about yourself to share with the other person. (Sole, K. 201 1) Marriage is about garrulousness completely with another person.

It is also a learning experience, where you learn about another person for the rest of your life. There is a quote from the movie Fireproof that I find totally applicable to this situation. “Owen a man is trying to win the heart of a woman, he studies her; he learns her likes, dislikes, habits and hobbies. But after he wins her heart and marries her, he often stops learning about her. If the amount he studied her before marriage was equal to a high school degree, he should continue to learn about her until he gains a college degree, a masters degree and ultimately a doctorate degree.

It is a lifelong journey that draws his heart ever closer to hers. ” (Kindlier, A. 2008) Marriage is not about learning to hide things from your spouse, it is about being able to love one person enough to share all of yourself. It is in self- disclosure that we find our souls connected to one another. As you share ices of yourself through self-disclosure you not only become connected to that other person but more in tune to feelings you may not have realized that you had. (Sole, K. 2011) Fear of being rejected or criticized sometimes prevents us from sharing things with others.

In a marriage, there should not be this fear. You need to continuously be able to risk your emotions for your spouse. Describe strategies for managing interpersonal conflicts. Managing the personal conflicts between you and your partner are sometimes difficult. But there are some strategies that you can utilize to help you manage them cost effectively. Conflict is unavoidable. You must remember that. Making sure you remember how much you love your partner and why you married them in the first place can help you avoid some sources of conflict.

But for those times when it seems like the arguments are out of control, putting some well-placed humor in the conversation, showing some affection and reminding your spouse how much you care for them may help to dissolve the anger in the situation and allow you both to start the conversation again. (Sole, K. 2011) Another key way of avoiding conflict is to assess if you are the one instigating all of the issues at hand. Realizing your own contributions to the problems and figuring out how to avoid them in general would be a big help to your relationship.

Sometimes our nonverbal behaviors are the source of conflict and we may not even realize it. There are three specific things to avoid when trying to avoid conflict in your marriage. Silence, placating, and playing games are all ways to venture further into marital conflict. Silence may be golden at times, but during a conflict this is not the case. Most people tend to resort to silence when they do not know owe to confront a situation. When someone enacts their silence as a way of coping with conflict, this can increase the problems and prolong them indefinitely.

When a partner ignores you as a way of coping you tend to feel invisible and unwanted. (Sole, K. 201 1) Placating someone is almost as detrimental to a relationship. When you do things just to avoid conflict or to appease your partner, you can get lost and conflict can arise. Speaking what’s on your mind will help to avoid further conflict. Playing games with someone’s emotions and feelings is uncalled for. When you engage in mid games by ring to get what you want out of a situation you are just causing more problems than there were to begin with.

Avoiding these three conflict causing things can help you manage conflict. Marriage is not easy. In fact, it may just be the most difficult but rewarding thing you have ever done. The five elements in making any relationship successful are: listen, watch what you say, understand, disclose, and manage. If you can use the strategies that I have given you, you will have more open communication with your partner, which in turn can lead you to a longer and happier marriage. A happy marriage is definitely built on the foundation of communication.

It is known to be the determining factor of whether or not your marriage will survive or perish. Although you may not be able to claim of being good at communicating it’s very important for both of you to learn to communicate and to do it effectively. It is my hope that the two of you will find my tips very helpful on your journey. Thank you for allowing me to take part in making sure that your foundation is secure, and to help you with your communication efforts with one another. Always remember that the very inundation to a successful, happy, and positive marriage is communication.

Essay Mistreating Black Americans essay

Listening to Fox News’ “Talking Points” it becomes clear that portraying a particular social group in a bad light is what they do best. Through the use Of sensationalist words, obsolete statistics and an offensive way of speaking Fox News portrays the African American community as a self- destroying one. The title of the 12 November, 2014 Talking Points is “Mistreating black Americans” 1 and it includes several sections: an introduction which is based on a report (no source is even mentioned), an audio clip of Ben Stein explaining why African Americans are suffering, and he response by Reilly.

The episode is based on the end-2014 shootings and riots in Fergusson, which have incited debates, discussions and opinion differences around the world. It is to be noted however, that even though Bill Reilly is doing the segment, Fox News channel executives have a great amount of control over what is being said in the show. Firstly, the introduction. Bill Reilly talks about a report which indicates that “people who live in and around Ferguson, Missouri are buying guns at a record rate.

That’s because the decision on the police shooting of Michael Brown is due soon and there could be more rioting in that area. “2 and the fact that “liberal pundits” claim blacks are being mistreated in US society. Here, O Reilly is subtly saying this is not the case. The struggles African Americans face in society is played down, as if racism is not one of the big contributors to the countries’ problems. What is the problem however, according to Fox News and Ben Stein is the African American culture, not racism or mistreatment by police. According to Ben Stein “That’s just nonsense. Liberal mainstream media spreads lies and blacks create their own problems is the gist of Stein’s comments. In an extremely offensive way, Stein comments on how the black underclass is the culprit. In his own words: “very beaten down, static and self- defeating” A There seems to be a double sided argument here however, as Reilly then claims that African-Americans do indeed face troubles due to a history of slavery and racism and explains that President Obama is doing this through what Fox deems a good program: the Brother’s Keepers program.

However, this statement is quickly put aside with a firm ‘but’. The ‘collapse’ Of the African American family is the real issue. Once again, statistics are used to confirm this. 72% of black babies are bastard children. This is an extremely old and obsolete issue, as children from unmarried couples are getting much more common. Marriage is not a must in this day and age. Fox News’ conservationism shows According to these statistics, the desertion rates for black men is also ‘astronomical’. This is a sensationalist term, used to hyperbolically portray black men as traitors to their own race.

The solution to the problem, according to Fox News, is for black people to step up and look at their own race, not the white community. This is an unfair portrayal of the situation. It is abundantly clear that there is a great degree of racism in the United States, racism on a social level and even discrimination in the business and government sector. Like with all problems, there is more than one factor contributing to it, the one sidedness of Ben Stein is unfair and the Fox News moments on the issue seem to shrug off big problem in American society.

There is no doubt about it, Fox News and Ben Stein clearly believe racism is an almost non-issue nowadays and African Americans are the curators of their own downfall. The language used in the article and the recording is offensive at best. Economic success is difficult to achieve with African- American culture. The statistics presented by Fox News seeming to agree with that statement, but one of the big contributing factors is shrugged off as if it were not a big problem.

Mother Teresa essay

To talk about someone’s leadership process we must first start by defining what leadership is. Leadership is a process where a person influences a group of people and moves them towards achieving a common goal. Throughout time, we have had great examples of both positive and negative leaders. On this paper, I will be talking about a leader that find one of the most appealing leaders of our era, Mother Teresa. There are different types and styles of leaderships and many ways to apply those techniques that help us become great leaders.

One of these styles is one called “integral leadership”. This term can be defined as “a style of leadership that attempts to integrate other major styles of leadership”. This leadership approach focuses on understanding ‘where people are’ in terms of values, capabilities, and goals, and relating to them based on this. This was undoubtedly the leadership style Mother Teresa lived by. She was not a business leader. Mother Teresa worked mainly on a spiritual level. Because of this, she was able to establish an organization that was devoted to the service and care of the poor.

She ever wanted to become a leader, she just accepted the role she was given and carried it out sacrificing her comfort and her whole life for others. She was born Agnes Goanna Bauxite in 1910 in Skopje, Yugoslavia. Her father co- owned a construction company and her family lived comfortably. In 1928 she decide she wanted to become a nun and moved to Ireland to live with the Sisters of Loretta. She lived there for less than a year and then moved to Adrenaline in India. On May 24, 1931 , she changed her name to “Teresa” in honor of SST. Teresa of Leslies. In 1 946, she experienced an apparition from God while she was traveling.

She knew then that God was giving her an “inner command” and she decided to leave the convent with all commodities she had to help the poorest of the poor by living with them. She knew it was an order and she could not turn away from it. In 1948 she founded the religious order Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India. She achieved selflessly what others may think is impossible for any human being. Colleagues and people who could see her work were always surprised by her efficiency and energy. She was different from most leaders, she was humble, simple. Even if she received many awards and recognitions, she did not keep count of them.

In 1 962 she won the Pandora Shari prize. In 1971 she was awarded with the Pope John XIII Peace Prize and in 1 979 she won the Nobel Peace Price for her work on combating poverty, which is also considered a threat towards peace. She also received the Templeton Award for the progress she made in religion, but even so, she was respectful with others and their beliefs. One example of this is the fact that she never suggested a conversion from her Hindu biographer she had known for years. She was only dedicated to removing the pain of others, or as she used to say, “loving until it hurts”.

This trait makes her different from other traditional leaders, whose main goal sometimes is to win or convince others to do something benefice a group or an organization. Her leadership style was not transformational or autocratic, but she had something from both of them. She was a situational leader, doing what was needed and urgent in the moment. She gave food to the hungry, home to the homeless and medicines to the ill. This situational style was what made her unique. She believed in learning and determination, in being resourceful and being organized to use hose resources efficiently.

Mother Teeter’s Missionaries of Charity had 61 0 missions working in 123 countries serving people with leprosy HIVE, and tuberculosis. Her servant leader performance inspired thousands of people who followed her and committed to the life of charity. As mentioned before, she was not planning on becoming a leader. She leaded by example of her selfless work. As she gained followers, she asked them to live in the same level of poverty as the people they were helping. Mother Teresa, of course, didn’t fit into pattern of a usual CEO, her leadership style was anything but rotational.

Some authors have described her leadership traits to be “learned by observation, inspired by example, and universally applicable. ” In the book “Mother Teresa CEO: Unexpected Principles for Practical Leadership” we can find five simple leadership lessons we can learn from her: 1. Have your mission clearly identified. She always knew what she was standing for. Knowing what our main goals are and maintaining everything as simple as can be makes us organized with our actions too. 2. Knowing when to draw the line. She was sometimes criticized for her choices, but she was firm with ere goal and stocked to her beliefs to do her job. . Get the perfect timing. She waited 20 years just to start her missionaries organization in Calcutta. 4. Appreciate doubt. Of course she had doubts, and she expressed them. But even so, she believed that questioning our purpose and reevaluation our mission was an important part of becoming a leader. 5. Attend your call of action. Once Mother Teresa knew what her calling in life was she started working towards accomplishing it. We must figure out what our job is and try to do it as best as we can. When Mother Teresa was 80 years old, she started o have heart failures.

Yvette Yancey An Overview of Congress essay

When the congress was created it was split into two separate entities, the House of Representatives and the Senate. Together these two groups of elected officials determine the laws we live by. House versus Senate There are several differences between the House and the Senate. The House of Representatives is larger having 435 members in comparison to the 100 member Senate. They also have a shorter term in office lasting only 2 years, while the Senate serves a 6 year term. The House has more rules but their power is less evenly distributed.

The Senate has a broader constituency and re more reliant upon staffers. Finally the House is more partisan and has less media coverage. Together the two groups balance one another out regardless of their differences. Power of Congress The Constitution granted the Congress certain powers upon its creation. These are referred to as the expressed powers. “There are 27 of these enumerated in Article l, Section 8, ranging from the basic power to levy taxes to the rather unusual power to hire pirates (known as a Letter of Marquee) to attack the nation’s enemies. There is also Article IV, Section 3 and the most recent under Amendment XVI. These powers involve admitting states, making rules and taxing income. Leadership. The major political parties are Republican and Democratic. These parties are organized at the local, state, and national levels. Party leaders and influential members are involved in choosing candidates, managing campaigns, raising financing and developing policies that appeal to constituents. Both of the party’s choices for presidential election are nominated at the national convention. “Political parties perform an important task in government.

They bring people together to achieve control of the government, develop policies favorable to their interests or the groups that support them, and organize and persuade voters to elect their candidates to office. ” The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the most powerful member, and possibly the most influential legislator in both houses. They are always a member of the majority party. The influence of the speaker depends on personality, respect of colleagues and on various important powers. Bill to Law. Part of Congress’s job is turning bills into law through an eight step process.

Webster Industries essay

First, persuade my peers and subordinates that we, the employees, are a scarce resource that must be protected. Following up giving social proof to gain support and buy in among the division and its leadership. The central theme of my argument would focus on the importance of the Furnishings Division, which makes up 30% ($321 million) of sales for Webster. This division is essential to the revenue stream and cutting valuable leadership in this highly successful field would be devastating to the bottom line.

Releasing knowledgeable employees who are incredibly loyal to the company is not the right direction. Loud create an alternative recommendation that reduces spending by cutting benefits, creating a hiring freeze, utilizing furloughs, reduce spending on unnecessary supplies, and other means as available. Employees in this paternalistic company will be more prone to understanding and accepting cost cutting measures that don’t include layoffs in a tight knit community. Using this plan, I would first seek support from those closest to me. Loud talk with my counterpart in Industrial Furnishing, asking him/her to join me in uniting to highlight the impact of what Webster stands to lose by cutting the leadership in one of the top performing divisions. Calling argues that showing people what they stand to lose rather what they can gain is a more strategic means for achieving your argument due to the psychology of people losing or missing out. Together we make up this $321 million in sales and cutting the leadership will hurt the bottom line.

Securing my counterpart’s support will strengthen the persuasiveness because it creates a stronger social proof to show that this Lana has backing. It also creates a unified front, putting more social pressure on those around us, especially subordinates, to conform to our principles. Next I would talk to the two plant managers below me and obtain their buy in by showing them the solidarity be;en production managers and the importance of the furnishing division to remain intact. Again I would reiterate the scarcity Of the resources that management brings to the table and replicating our success with layoffs would be unlikely.

Asking them to verbally omit would be great, but having them sign a memorandum to the superintendents that lays out a plan with both mine and the other production manager’s signatures on it would create an even stronger commitment to our plan. Calling cites studies that show the power of persuasion, especially from peers and leaders, can be very strong in forcing people to follow through on commitments, even more so when they physically sign a commitment or pledge. The final step would be to arrange a meeting with the superintendents and my colleagues that have committed to an alternative Lana.

I would pitch my plan to the supervisors, highlighting the unique culture we have at Webster; the paternalistic idea to take care of our own, loyalty, institutional knowledge, and longevity. I would play into how this culture and its uniqueness is a scarce resource that must not simply be laid off without exploring alternative methods. I would need to conduct this plan swiftly because once a major decision is made it is extremely difficult to convince them that it was in error as time progresses.

Research proposal essay

Background Having carried out a literature review in regards to the educational achievements of Looked after Children, it became apparent that placements had a huge impact on achievement, and many researchers linked this to frequency of placement movements (Sunned, 201 3), along with types of placements, i. E. Foster homes or institutional residential homes (McClure & Galley, 2010). The literature highlighted placements as one of the main factors to Looked after children being low educational achievers.

McClure and Galley’s research stated that frequent changes in placement mean children ND young people being out of school for longer periods, therefore, affecting their achievements (2010). This led to considerations about why placements may break down and the reasons for this. Through the literature review, it became evident that not one previous study had made any reference or note to the cultural identities of the Looked after Children and that only one study had involved a child from a different culture (Sunned, 2013).

This was viewed as a gap in research but could also be seen to extend previous research in regards to the focus of placements being a large factor in the educational achievement of Looked after Children. Another key point is the participation of Looked after Children within previous research studies. Most of those reviewed carried out research on the children and young people, as opposed to with them (Danna, 2011). This can be seen as a weakness of previous research, therefore, child led research could be seen to close this gap by addressing this issues through the child perspective.

Research Question The aim of this research will be to take an explanatory approach to determine if cultural identity is a factor in the placements of Looked after Children, which could lead to a particular pattern in educational achievement for these children and young people. The main objectives would be; is cultural identity important in a successful placement? Is cultural identity important to Looked after Children? And could lack of cultural considerations lead to placement breakdowns and why?

These aims and objectives will extend to a consideration of whether cultural identity could impact on a successful and stable placement and whether this placement can then lead to lower or higher educational achievement for Looked after Children. These research questions could be difficult to answer due to the extensive links within cultural identity and educational achievement, therefore, careful consideration is given to the methodology and the importance of Looked after Children being participants in the research.

These questions also aim to further extend knowledge and understanding from previous research, as well as to inform policy and practice. Word count: 509 References Danna, R. , 2011. Look out! Looked after! Look here! Supporting Looked after and adopted Children in the primary classroom. International journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education, 39(5), up. 55-465. M McClure V. Galley. , 2010. Exploring the care effects of multiple factors on the educational achievement of children looked after at home: an investigation of two Scottish local authorities.

Child and Family Social work, Volume 15, up. 409-431. Sunned, E. , 2013. Looked after Children: what supports them to learn?. Educational psychology in practice: theory, research and practice in educational psychology, 29(4), up. 367-382. Part 2 Methodology proposal The research questions identified in part one mean the methodology for the research project needs careful consideration due to the explanatory approach, the sensitive nature of the context of the research and the factors and ethics involved in children and young people being research participants.

This will be discussed in greater detail in this section, and a proposal for the methodology will be argued. Sample Due to the nature Of this research it could be argued that the main sampling approach would need to be that of inviolability sampling. As there are considerable ethical considerations within this proposal, it may mean that the sample of Looked after children will need to be those that are accessible and agreeable to be participants.

Of course, there are consequences to this being that a large portion of Looked after Children are excluded from the study, however, it is the accessibility to Looked after children, who will have a many gate keepers which would limit the sampling for this project. For this same reason, the sample will aim to work with a small number (five) of Looked after Children from two different local boroughs similar to the approach used by McClure and Galley’s research of Looked after Children in two Scottish authorities (2010).

The local authorities will be selected based on statistics of he different cultures of Looked after Children within the care of that borough, hoping to obtain consent to two authorities with a diverse range of cultures. It would be hoped that ten children from each authority would be participants. Ethics and consent are to be complex factors within this research, so the sample number would be indicative of these factors, whereby it is small enough to be able to carefully plan for consent and ethics, yet not so small as to produce inadequate or unauthentic data.

Ethics will be discussed in further detail later in this section. Informed consent is essential, ND will be managed through initial contact with each authority, however, as this project will involve the Looked after Children as participants, consent must also be gained from the children themselves, therefore, consideration as to their competence to consent will be given by discussions between the Looked after Children, their social worker and the researcher.

The researcher using interview and discussion at this initial consent stage will also allow for careful consideration be given to ensure children are not coerced into participating or unwittingly excluded (Alderman, 2014). Although it has been argued that even very young children are unable to fully understand research and the questions it seeks to answer, yet it can be that children and young people can have a more diverse range of experiences than some adults and that language and levels of understanding can be adapted to meet the competency of the children (Fraser, 2014).

With this in mind, this research project will consider Looked after Children as full participants and using a mixed methods approach, similar to that of the Mosaic approach adapting by Clark (Clark, 2014) will aim to work with Looked after Children within the age anger of eight to twelve years old. This age range was also chosen based on evidence in the previous literature review whereby McClure and Galley’s research findings suggested that children who came into the care system before they were twelve were likely to have more placements than children entering care after twelve years old (2010).

Data Collection As mentioned previously, the methodology is heavily influenced by the Mosaic approach (Clark, 2014) whereby a range of participatory methods will be used. The data that is required to answer the research questions will need o produce rich insights into the lives of Looked after Children and whether they consider their cultural identity to be important to them and whether this impacts on placements and educational achievement. It is with this in mind that the mixed method, two staged approach will be used.

Firstly, the children will be invited to take the researcher on a visual tour of their placement (homes) and will be encouraged to take photographs of objects that are important to them. This can be done firstly from an approach of the researcher being a participant observer, whereby having a tour of the child’s ligament by the child, then further into the study this could be revisited by providing the children with video cameras to film their own tours.

The Looked after Children will also be asked to create drawings and mood boards in relation to what they believe to be their culture, thereby, allowing an insight into their perspectives of culture and to prompt discussion during the interviews on whether they feel their culture is recognized and respected. This will also allow the children ownership and promote their rights (Smith, 2014).

Of course, all these methods can be adapted to suit the age of the hillier, as mood boards may be more suitable for those aged ten to twelve, and the drawings can be used for the younger age range, using different materials and equipment across all age ranges to meet individual needs. After these initial methods a thematic analysis will take place, which is discussed further in the next section.

This will then allow for the second stage of data collection; interviews and observations. Interviews with the children, will be semi-structured to resemble the normal everyday conversations children may have, thereby, enabling a richer insight into their experiences, thoughts and respective (Dewitt, 2014). Participant observation will also be used to gain an understanding of their lives and how they interpret their experiences of being in care.

This method is not without its challenges, as I the researcher will need to be aware of how my participation could impact on the behavior or views of the children, and given that they may place high importance on friendship (Brewing, 2011) it is vital to ensure participation without blurring the lines of a professional relationship. Along with this the children may consider me as too much of an ‘outsider’ being an adult and refuse to allow me to articulate in their everyday lives. Of course I have considered the practicalities of data collection, firstly, access to the children, the times I may have access and for how long.

Along with this there is the consideration that the children may move placement out of the local authority I would be working with. This would mean I would need to consider including more children half way through the research, however, this cod impact on the data analysis and time frame, so it would be considered that the number involved in there study would be reduced if children withdrew from the research project. Data Analysis As is by now evident, the methodology is heavily influenced by the Mosaic approach (Clark, 2014), therefore, it is important to consider how this approach may help with data analysis too.

Data from the children’s videos, drawings, mood boards and tours will be organized first into themes, which will not be imposed by me but rather be led by the data itself (Smith, 2014). This first stage of analysis that will produce initial themes will then be used to carry out the interviews. Using an interpretative approach, it will be with these emerging themes that will allow for semi-structured interviews. I will also insider at this first stage, opening up the data to the children for their own reflections and to check their perspectives are accurate, thus distinguishing between their perspectives and that of my own.

This is important for ensuring the children’s voice is kept at the forefront of the research and they are not just considered ‘objects’ to be studied (Fraser, 2014). The second stage of analysis will involve the creation of ‘case profiles’ (Henderson, 2014) nearer the end of the research, which will provide an overview of the changes and experiences of the Looked after Children and allow for a cross-case analysis Hammerless, 2014). Time Frame This research will require a longitudinal approach due to the context of the research question.

To establish if cultural identity can impact on placement breakdowns, thereby leading to underachieving educationally, the research would need time to explore cultural identity with the Looked after Children, followed by the impact this may have within placements. With this in mind the aim would be to carry out the research over a two year period. This period, although long, may enable a more reflexive project where a focus can be made on the processes of change, in particular, placements and changing identities.

This was influenced by Henderson and Thomson ‘Inventing Adulthood’ research, who argue that a ‘time layered’ picture is richer than ‘one off accounts (2014). This longitudinal approach is not without challenges. One could be the issues is of keeping the children involved over such a long time frame, secondly the length of the study will produce vast data to which there is a risk of becoming overwhelmed (Henderson, 2014), therefore, it is proposed that the analysis Of the data will be thematic and in two stages, including the case profiles, as discussed under the data analysis section above.

Ethics Ethical considerations are vital in any research project, however, it is argued that research with children and young people, ethics should play a more central role (Fraser, 2014). All efforts will be made to ensure harm or distress are avoided or at least minimized throughout this research project. I will use the three main frameworks of ethics (Alderman, 2014) as detailed below. The first framework involves ‘Principals’, whereby, respect for the Looked after Children will be at the forefront of the data collection.

Therefore, it is considered that the child participants will be treated with respect for their autonomy and be treated fairly. The second framework involves ‘Outcomes’. This will mean that during the data collection process, the benefits of giving Looked after Children a voice will be reflected upon continuously and all efforts will be made to ensure the children come to no harm or data collection methods do not cause distress. This can be done through reflections of the researcher, and consultations with the children’s careers and social workers. Thirdly, we will use the ethical framework of ‘Rights’.

Following this framework will ensure that the children have access to support, but also o ensure that their experiences and voices are portrayed authentically. These ethical considerations are not without their challenges and some researchers may argue that the way adults would treat a child may not actually be the way the child would like to be treated (Alderman, 2014). However, focus will be on allowing children voice throughout the research project and it is therefore thought that the child’s perspective of fair and respect will become known and acknowledged.

Of course, the child participants for this research project will already be seen as vulnerable, having been taken into care, therefore, as Alderman argues, it is imperative that ethics is considered a process throughout the research rather than only considered before the data collection takes place (2014, p. 92). Additionally, as one of the data collection methods means the production of drawings and videos, it is important to consider how these may be shared. Therefore, ownership and consent are vital to the project and the materials it produces will be used with integrity, respect and permission.

Furthermore, if at any time a child or children wished to stop an activity or interview or even wished to withdraw from the study altogether, this would be honored respectfully. Word count: 191 9 Alderman, P. , 2014. Ethics. In: Clark et al, deed. Understanding Research with Children and Young People. London: Sage Publications, p. 96. Clark, A. , 2014. Developing and Adapting the Mosaic Approach. In: Clark et al, deed. Understanding Research with Children and Young People. London: Sage Publications, up. 200-202. Hewitt, R. , 2014. Interviews. In: Clark et al, deed.

Understanding Research with Children and Young people. London: Sage Publications, p. 140. Hammerless, M. , 2014. Research Design. In: Clark et a’, deed. Understanding Research with Children and Young People. London: Sage Publications, p. 117. M Brewing,J. 2011. Supporting the transitions from primary to secondary school for children who are looked after. Educational psychology in practice, 27(4). M McClure, V. G. , 2010. Exploring the care effects of multiple factors on the educational achievement of children looked after at home: an investigation of two Scottish local authorities.

Child and Family Social work, Volume 15, up. 409-431. S Fraser, et al, 2014. What is Research with Children and Young People. In: Clark et al, deed. Understanding Research with Children and Young People. London: Sage Publications, up. 46-47. Sheila Henderson, R. Thomson. , 2014. Inventing Adulthood. In: Clark et al, deed. Understanding Research with Children and Young People. London: Sage Publications, up. 210-211. Smith, N. , 2014. Perspectives on Parental Involvement. In: Clark et a’, deed. Understanding Research with Children and Young People. London: Sage Publications, p. 96. Part 3 Evaluation This research is significant in various ways with the potential to have a wide ranging impact. Firstly, as this research hopes to establish if cultural identity is factor frequent placements then it has the potential to evoke evidence based practice and in the development of social policies to support this practice (Fraser, 2014). As Sunned states from his research with Looked after children, it is only by understanding who they are and what they think would they then be able to receive appropriate learning opportune ties (2013).

As discussed in part one of this proposal, although much research on Looked after Children has been carried out in the past, it appears that culture and cultural identity has not been a consideration as to the impact on placements and educational achievement. Therefore, as the United Kingdom becomes more diverse it should now be addressed whether this diversity of cultures can impact on Looked after Children and their identity and if lack of cultural recognition by adults in their lives can have a negative impact on their educational achievement, thus, their life chances.

Of course, earlier psychological and sociological research has relied on adult interpretations (Cooper, 2014), thus, this research study proposes a more child participatory approach enabling the children’s agency. Dissemination Plans On completion of the full research study it is hoped that this would be viewed and published in an educational and social care journal so that academics already in the field of social sciences and education may be able to give constructive feedback and to inform knowledge.

However, it is important that this research is not only considered by academics, but by practitioners and policy makers alike. Therefore, as Rob argues, it would be beneficial to the research project and the children involved in it to engage the anticipated audience early on in this study (2014). With this in mind, a realist of the first thematic analysis from the data produced by the children would aid understanding by practitioners and policy makers, in the hope that they will stay engaged with anticipation of summarize findings.

It is hoped this first dissemination could be done at sector conferences and seminars. Furthermore, there has been consideration as to using the new media technologies. One advantage of this strategy, would be the diverse audience it could achieve. As Rob suggests, new media, although slow on the uptake, is now being used more by academics, policy makers, practitioners and campaigners (2014, p. 244). However, when considering this form of dissemination, the ethical consideration of autonomy and harm may emerge o disable this method. This will only become apparent once the research take place.